The oil field in the United Kingdom is relatively recent. It was not until during the 1960s that concerted efforts were made to judge out if there were any substantial oil deposits in the North Sea. The North Sea itself is relatively shallow which made it less challenging to do the surveys. You might pray where the oil came from et al how it came to be there when most oilfields are found in warmer climes. Just provided you consider the history of the planet, the continental plates have been moving around for millions of years and the lanolin found in Arabia for instance, was laid down more recently than that in higher latitudes such as the North Sea. The oil is found among sedimentary rocks and this would substantiate the assumption that oil is ‘made’ from the layering of organic sediments which then undergo geological changes over millions of years to become oil.
During the 1960s the British government drafted the Continental Shelf Act which allowed the issue of licences permitting oil companies to search the North Sea for oil. The North Sea is incomplete into sectors and the licenses sanction oil companies to search the relevant sector to which their license applies. BP’s Sea Gem rig found natural gas in September 1965 which caused great excitement. However, disaster struck when the Spume Gem sank with loss like 13 lives until it was being moved from the gas field. It was not until December 1969 when Amoco struck oil in the Montrose field which is located 135 miles to the oriental of the city regarding Aberdeen. More licenses were awarded and during the month from October in 1970, BP discovered the substantial Forties oil field. During 1971, Shell Expro found the huge Brent oil field to the east from the Shetland Islands. Further oil discoveries were made during the early 70’s and the oil upturn was in full flow turning the fortunes of the country which had been languishing behind its European neighbours in economic terms.
It has not all been plain sailing and the weather circumstances in the North Sea can be utterly horrendous. The result from which can sordid shutting down production until the bad weather has passed. Numerous lives have been lost over the years with person of the significant disasters being that like the Piper Alpha rig owned by Occidental. On the 6th of July in 1988 there was a large explosion and then a massive fire which destroyed the rig and cost the lives of one hundred et alii sixty nine men. This event was one of the most shocking in the business and the resulting Cullen enquiry equipped that safety during maintenance procedures were penury et cetera as such over 100 recommendations were made. These pointers were accepted by the oil industry in the North Main and have built active on rigs much safer.
As the early oil fields are beginning to dry up, the search continues for new sources of oil. There are believed to be important deposits of oil around the Shetland Isles connective again off the west coast of the Outer Hebrides. The future of the North Sea oil industry is besides looking buoyant with a £1 billion feature having been approved in 2012 by the government. It is hoped that advancements in technology will allow the remains of currently irretrievable oil to be extracted from existing wells.